Water softeners are crucial, especially in hard water areas. Hard water causes scale to form and build up on your plumbing, reducing water flow. Scale also damages shower heads, washing machines and other household appliances. Water softeners are a simple and effective way to preventing all these problems, and can help remedy existing problems by washing away scale deposits. Softened water is safe to drink and contains very little sodium.
How does it work?
Water softeners work through ion-exchange, a process where hardness ions in the water, calcium and magnesium, are exchanged for the soft sodium ions which do not cause scale and soap scum. This occurs inside the water softener in a cylinder filled with millions of tiny plastic beads which act as ion-exchange resin.
What does it take to fit one?
A modern water softener is designed to fit under a counter and is usually installed in a kitchen or utility room, although other places, such as a garage, can be used. Installations involves softening all the water in the house from the rising main stopcock, with the exception of a new hard water mini tap at the kitchen sink that is required by UK bylaw. New plumbing is required to divert water from the stopcock to the water softener, a small drainage point is required for the waste water of the cleaning process and an electrical power source is needed for the electronic controller.
What are the choices?
There are two types of water softener. One will measure your water consumption and adjust itself daily to match demand, this is called an intelligent microprocessor based meter controlled machine. The economy based electro-mechanical time clock machines rely on the user to set an interval of regeneration in anticipation of water usage.
The regeneration process is automatic and only requires salt tablets to be added to the machine when the remote system monitor indicates that the salt level is low. The salt does not soften the water, but is used to clean the ion-exchange resin.
Questions about Water Softeners? Get in touch
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